https://journalpro.org/index.php/jad/issue/feed Journal of Asian Development 2021-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 William Berger jad@bigedu.org Open Journal Systems <p><strong><em>Journal of Asian Development</em> </strong>(ISSN 2377-9594) is an international, peer-reviewed, open-access journal that publishes two issues each year. The journal focuses on social science topics from the Asian region.</p> <p>The journal is owned and published by Bigedu Foundation, a not-for-profit organization regulated by the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations.</p> <p><strong><em>Journal of Asian Development</em> </strong>publishes all article types, such as original articles, review articles, case reports, technical reports, research letters, etc. Authors can only submit unpublished works, which are not under consideration for publication in any other journals.</p> <p>The journal accepts <a href="https://journalpro.org/index.php/jad/about/submissions"><strong>Online submission</strong></a> and Email submission (<a href="mailto:jad@bigedu.org">jad@bigedu.org</a>)</p> https://journalpro.org/index.php/jad/article/view/22 Malaysia’s Energy-Growth Nexus and Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis: Empirical Analysis Using the VECM and ARDL Cointegration Techniques 2021-10-24T05:10:47+00:00 Takashi Fukuda takashi@fukuda-kieg.com <p>This paper investigated Malaysia’s energy-growth nexus and environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis over the period 1971-2014 by taking the globalization variables of trade openness and foreign direct investment (FDI) and the structural break dummy of the Asian financial crisis of 1997 into estimation. To give interference, the Granger causality tests were implemented in the framework of two cointegration techniques: vector error correction model (VECM) and autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL). As per Malaysia’s energy-growth nexus, referring to different results of the two approaches, we concluded that the presence of the energy-growth nexus was statistically confirmed, but it has not been fully established yet in the country. On the other hand, both the VECM and ARDL results provided the same conclusion for Malaysia’s EKC hypothesis, that is, in the initial stage, as the higher economic growth, the less CO<sub>2</sub> emissions, but after a threshold, the higher economic growth, the more CO<sub>2</sub> emissions.</p> 2021-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Asian Development